Wood Species

Field 1

Eastern White Pine - (EWP)

Eastern White Pine (EWP) seasons well, dries evenly and remains straight and true, EWP is an ideal structural wood for use in residential and commercial construction.  Due to the small growth size of this species, it tends to include a lot of Heart Center (often called Boxed Heart), which tends to check.  Mainly used for interior applications, but can be used for exterior applications if well maintained.

Eastern White Pine is one of the most common and widely used timbers for construction lumber in the northeast United States.

Heartwood is a light brown, sometimes with a slightly reddish hue in color, with sapwood being a pale yellow to nearly white. Color tends to darken with age.

Readily Available

Moderate  (although susceptible to Eastern Carpenter Bees - wood boring bees if not treated or prevented) 

$

North Eastern US

Field 2

Cypress

Cypress seasons well, dries evenly and remains straight and true with minimum checking or distortion. What makes Cypress even better is that it also accepts a variety of stains and finishes, holds nails and screws securely and accepts adhesives well. Cypress is an ideal exterior structural wood for use in residential and commercial construction.

Ideal for exterior uses, including structural timbers.

Known for its strength and durability; light, yellowish brown in color, with sapwood being nearly white.  Tends to be heavy, dense, and strong.

Readily Available

Very

$$

Southern US

Field 3

Douglas Fir – (D Fir)

Douglas fir trees shed lower branches as they grows.  This means fewer knots, and long stretches of straight, consistent fibers. Those fibers also give Douglas fir a superior strength to weight ratio and the highest modulus of elasticity of any North American softwood species.  In simpler terms, that means it’s tough and durable. It can handle a heavy load without bending or buckling

Ideal for a wide variety of uses including structural timbers. Choose Douglas Fir products when you want the best in structural lumber and for tight, straight grain.

Known for its distinctive natural attributes, including strength, durability and beauty; golden-orange in color; known for its quality and range of grades and characteristics, including some fiber that is exceptionally straight and fine grained.  Available in Free of Heart Center (FOHC) material, which tends to have a lower level of checking.

Readily Available

Very

$$

Western US

Field 4

Western Red Cedar – (W. Red Cedar)

Western Red Cedar fibers contain natural compounds that act as preservatives, making the wood extremely long lasting. These compounds provide natural resistance to moisture, insects and decay.

Ideal for a variety of exterior and interior uses in a wide range of products; lightweight; easy to handle and install; pitch and resin free, making it ideal for a wide range of stains and finishes.

Warmth, natural durability, dimensional stability, versatility, and distinctiveness.  One of the world’s most beautiful woods.  No man made material can duplicate its naturally luxurious appearance and high performance quality.

Readily Available

Very

$$

Western US

Field 5

Reclaimed Douglas Fir

Reclaimed Douglas Fir beams and timbers are ideal for new timber frame projects as the risk of shrinkage and overall movement is far less when using a mature timber vs. the volatility that existing with freshly cut material.

Douglas Fir timbers were widely used in the construction of factories, warehouses, offices, and other commercial buildings prior to World War Two. However, it was still used in the construction of large structures into the 1960s.

Reclaimed Douglas fir beams and timbers are highly sought after for several reasons. Douglas fir timbers can be greater two feet thick and can be greater than 40 feet in length.

Available with lead time

Varies

$$$$

Various

Field 6

Reclaimed Oak

Oak beams are cherished for their rich light brown tones. Reclaimed beams will often include mortise pockets that accentuate the craftsmen ship that went into the shaping of the original beam

Wood flooring, beams, trim, and furniture.

Oak is far and away the most requested reclaimed hardwood and is prevalent in timber format and in siding planks. Oak hand hewn timbers are not only visibly appealing but are also durable.

Available with lead time

Resistance to Decay

$$$$

Various

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